House Democrats introduced legislation to rewrite the Higher Education Act while the Trump administration worked on regulations that could increase segregation in schools and decrease the number of students receiving free and reduced-price lunch.
New Legislation for the Higher Education Act
Chairman Bobby Scott of the House education committee introduced legislation this week to rewrite the Higher Education Act or HEA. If you’re not familiar with it, HEA is the federal law that governs higher education and sets parameters for things like the federal student aid program, including repayment plans, Pell Grants that help pay college costs for low-income students, and the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, aka the FAFSA.
Chairman Scott’s proposal, the College Affordability Act, has three primary goals:
- It aims to lower the cost of college. For example, it would create a new federal-state partnership to make community college tuition-free for all students. It would also increase the maximum Pell Grant award by $500, making it easier for low-income students to afford a college education.
- The bill seeks to improve the quality of higher education through increased accountability. Ever since the No Child Left Behind Act, accountability has been a central theme in K-12 policy. But higher education is different. The College Affordability Act would bring greater accountability to higher ed through a number of policies, including by making college accreditors focus on student achievement outcomes.
- The College Affordability Act aims to improve equity and opportunity. It would make undocumented students eligible for student aid, strengthen civil rights enforcement, and allow incarcerated students to access Pell Grants.
The bill also includes policies to better align high school graduation requirements with requirements for credit-bearing coursework in higher education, expand access to dual enrollment programs, and reduce remediation.
While the bill earned accolades from several education organizations, not everyone was thrilled. Virginia Foxx, the leading Republican on the House education committee, said, “this bill does not address the underlying issue of exploding college costs. In fact, by increasing burdensome requirements and bureaucratic red tape the Democrats’ bill will contribute to rising college costs.”
The College Affordability Act differs significantly from legislation introduced in the Senate by education committee chairman Lamar Alexander. Alexander’s bill is a mere 169 pages and offers a piecemeal approach, not a comprehensive HEA reauthorization. It is also more modest. For example, Chairman Scott’s bill would increase the Pell Grant by 500 dollars and index it to inflation. Chairman Alexander’s bill would only increase the Pell grant by 20 dollars.
Information on the College Affordability Act is available here: https://edlabor.house.gov/the-college-affordability-act-facts.
The House education committee likely will pass the bill within the next few weeks, with the full House taking up the bill later this calendar year. It is unclear how action in the House will impact the Senate, where things are moving much more slowly. We’ll keep you posted.
Regulations Could Increase Segregation in Schools, Decrease Access to Free Lunch
While Congress works on HEA, the Trump administration is busy on the regulatory front. Today was the deadline for comments on a proposed rule to change the disparate impact standard used by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and many other agencies to prevent discrimination. The administration’s proposal would make it more difficult to prove that discrimination is taking place and advocates, including the Alliance for Excellent Education, fear this could increase segregation in housing and in schools. In a letter opposing the proposed rule, All4Ed president Deb Delisle said: “Federal policy should be a tool for increasing equity. This proposed rule would increase the alarming degree to which historically underserved students attend schools that are racially isolated and inequitably resourced.”
The Trump Administration is also working on regulatory changes that would affect the national school lunch program. Children in families that receive food stamps, formally known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program or SNAP, are automatically eligible for free school meals without having to fill out additional paperwork. But the Administration’s proposal to change eligibility rules for SNAP would decrease the number of children automatically certified as eligible for free school meals. This week, after prodding from Chairman Scott, the Trump Administration revealed: “as many as 982,000 children would no longer be directly certified for free school meals…” and reopened its public comment period on the rule change.
We encourage you to oppose this policy by submitting a comment by November 1.
This blog post represents a slightly edited transcript of the October 18 episode of Federal Flash, All4Ed’s video series on important developments in education policy in Washington, DC. For an alert when the next episode of Federal Flash is available, email at email@example.com.