Title I is the largest source of federal funding for K–12 schools. It supplements state and local funding in school districts with high concentrations of children from low-income families—recognizing that children living in poverty have greater educational needs, but that the districts serving them often lack the resources to fully meet those needs. Still, significant disparities in the distribution of funding and other resources across school districts persist. Without more equitable distribution of resources, including Title I, students from low-income families will continue to face the same systemic disadvantages they did nearly 60 years ago when the Title I program was enacted.
Given the critical role of Title I toward achieving better outcomes for historically underserved students, All4Ed released a series of reports to explore how well Title I targets funds to school districts and schools with the highest concentrations of poverty and offer recommendations to policymakers to ensure Title I dollars are distributed equitably and effectively.