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Building a Grad Nation: Progress and Challenge in Ending the High School Dropout Epidemic

Webinar:


Panelists
Robert Balfanz, PhD, Codirector, Everyone Graduates Center;
Research Scientist, Center for Social Organization of Schools, Johns Hopkins University
John Bridgeland, President and Chief Executive Officer, Civic Enterprises
John Gomperts, President and Chief Executive Officer, America’s Promise Alliance
Bob Wise, President, Alliance for Excellent Education

The Alliance for Excellent Education held a webinar on the success in addressing the dropout crisis taking place in high schools and school districts all across country.

This latest comprehensive high school graduation rate research finds that for the first time the United States is on track to meet the national Grad Nation goal of graduating 90 percent of high school students by 2020. The national high school graduation rate increased 6.5 percentage points from 2001 (71.7 percent) to 2010 (78.2 percent). From 2006–10, each year showed an average growth of 1.25 percentage points. As a result of this acceleration, more than 200,000 additional students received diplomas in 2010 than in 2006. If this rate is maintained during the second decade of this century, the nation will reach its 90 percent graduation rate goal by 2020.

The 2013 report update of Building a Grad Nation: Progress and Challenge in Ending the High School Dropout Epidemic, released February 25, 2013, by Civic Enterprises, the Everyone Graduates Center at Johns Hopkins University, the America’s Promise Alliance, and the Alliance for Excellent Education shows that the nation is slowly but surely making progress.

Key report findings include the following:

  • The national high school graduation rate increased 5 percentage points over four years (from 2006–10), including a sharp increase of 2.7 percentage points from 2009 to 2010.
  • From 2002 to 2011, the number of “dropout factories” decreased by 583.
  • While increases in African American and Hispanic high school graduation rates drove the accelerated pace, significant disparities remain. The nation’s ability to close these gaps will determine whether it meets and maintains a 90 percent graduation rate by 2020.

This webinar shared details from the report, including information on states and student demographics making the largest gains in high school graduation rates.

Supplemental Material

The Alliance for Excellent Education is a Washington, DC-based national policy and advocacy organization that works to improve national and federal policy so that all students can achieve at high academic levels and graduate from high school ready for success in college, work, and citizenship in the twenty-first century. For more information about the Alliance, visit https://all4ed.org.

>>> HELLO.
MY NAME IS BOB WISE AND I’M
PRESIDENT OF THE ALLIANCE FOR
EXCELLENT EDUCATION.
TODAY’S WEBINAR WILL FOCUS ON
BUILDING A GRAD NATION AGENDA
AND WILL PROVIDE AN UPDATE ON
THE PROGRESS THE NATION HAS BEEN
MAKING TOWARDS IMPROVING HIGH
SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES.
THIS WEBINAR COMES ON A VERY
IMPORTANT DAY.
THIS IS THE 30th ANNIVERSARY OF
THE PUBLICATION OF A NATION AT
RISK AND ONLY RECENTLY, QUITE
FRANKLY, IN THE PAST FEW YEARS
HAVE WE ACTUALLY BEGUN TO SEE
IMPROVEMENTS IN GRADUATION
RATES.
ONE OF THE REASONS IS GRAD
NATION.
I’M JOINED IN THE STUDIO BY JOHN
BRIDGELAND, PRESIDENT AND CEO OF
CIVIC ENTERPRISES.
MR. BRIDGELAND OR BRIDGE AS HE’S
BETTER KNOWN WAS RECENTLY
INVITED BY PRESIDENT OBAMA TO
THE COMMUNITY SOLUTIONS.
FORMERLY HE SERVED AS DIRECTOR
OF THE WHITE HOUSE DOMESTIC
POLICY IN THE FIRST TERM OF
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH.
WE ARE ALSO JOINED IN THE STUDIO
BY DR. ROBERT BALFANZ WHO’S A
PROFESSOR AND SENIOR RESEARCH
SCIENTIST AT JOHNS HOPKINS
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
CENTER FOR SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
OF SCHOOLS.
DR. BALFANZ DOES EXTENSIVE WORK
ON SECONDARY SCHOOL REFORM, HIGH
SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND
INSTRUCTIONAL PREVENTIONS IN
HIGH POVERTY SCHOOLS AS IN
PUBLISHED WIDELY AND IS USED IN
MANY CASES AS THE BIBLE FOR HOW
TO REFORM SCHOOLS.
WE ARE ALSO JOINED BY TELEPHONE
WITH JOHN GOMPERTS, PRESIDENT
AND CEO OF AMERICA’S PROMISE
ALLIANCE.
MR. GOMPERTS HAS A TRACK RECORD
OF SUCCESS IN BOTH THE
GOVERNMENT AND THE NONPROFIT
SECTOR.
MOST RECENTLY HE SERVED AS
DIRECTOR OF AMERI CORPS IN JUNE
OF 2010 WITH IMPLEMENTING THE
BIPARTISAN KENNEDY SERVE ACT.
AMERICA’S PROMISE ALLIANCE HAS
BEEN ONE OF THE KEY
ORGANIZATIONS IN THIS COUNTRY IN
FOCUSING ATTENTION ON THE
DROPOUT ISSUE AND ALSO BRINGING
PEOPLE AROUND TO GRAD NATION
AGENDA.
UTILIZING THE COMBINED EFFORTS
BEING MADE BY MEMBERS OF THIS
PANEL, OUR ORGANIZATIONS HAVE
PUBLISHED A RECORD, “BUILDING A
GRAD NATION, PROGRESS AND
CHALLENGE IN ENDING THE HIGH
SCHOOL DROPOUT EPIDEMIC.”
TODAY WE WILL HIGHLIGHT THE MAIN
FINDINGS OF THE REPORT WITHIN
THE BROADER CONTEXT.
GRAD NATION AGENDA.
BEFORE WE GO INTO THE DETAILS, I
WANT TO REMIND OUR VIEWERS THAT
YOU CAN ASK QUESTIONS USING THE
FORM BELOW THIS VIDEO WINDOW.
YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW THE
DISCUSSION ON TWITTER USING THE
HASHTAG GRADNATION, WHICH YOU
WILL SEE IN THE BOTTOM LEFT
CORNER OF THIS VIDEO WINDOW.
BOTH GRAD NATION AND THE
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
HAVE SET A CLEAR GOAL OF
REACHING A 90% GRADUATION RATE
BY 2020, BUT THIS GOAL WILL NOT
BE MET UNLESS ALL STAKEHOLDERS,
INCLUDING CONGRESS, BUSINESS,
EDUCATORS, AND COMMUNITY
LEVERAGE THEIR RESOURCES, MAKE
EFFECTIVE INVESTMENTS AND BUILD
UPON PROMISING PRACTICE.
GRAD NATION IS FOCUSED ON
ADVANCING AN ACTIVE AGENDA FOR
THE NATION’S YOUNG PEOPLE TO
INVOLVE THESE STAKEHOLDERS AND
MEET THIS GOAL.
THERE IS REAL EQUITY, THERE’S
REAL ECONOMIC IMPACT WITH
SUPPORT PROVIDED BY STATE FARM,
THE ALLIANCE FOR EXCELLENT
EDUCATION WAS ABLE TO PROVIDE A
STUDY.
THOSE WHO ATTENDED THE BUILDING
A GRAD NATION SUMMIT BACK THIS
LAST FEBRUARY MAY REMEMBER THAT
WE REPORTED THAT IF THE COUNTRY
WERE TO INCREASE THE GRADUATION
RATE TO 90% FOR JUST ONE HIGH
SCHOOL CLASS, THE GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT WOULD GAIN ALMOST $7
BILLION.
THAT’S FOR ONE CLASS, SO THINK
WHAT IT MEANS CLASS AFTER CLASS
AFTER CLASS.
CLEARLY, IT IS IN OUR NATION’S
ECONOMIC INTEREST TO CONTINUE
IMPROVING HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION
RATES.
UNITED STATES IS RAPIDLY
BECOMING A NATION WHERE STUDENTS
OF COLOR AND MINORITIES ARE IN
THE MAJORITY.
THERE ARE CURRENTLY 12 STATES
WHERE STUDENTS OF COLOR ARE THE
MAJORITY OF THE SCHOOL
POPULATION.
ADDITIONALLY, TEN MORE STATES
HAVE A PUBLIC SCHOOL POPULATION
BETWEEN 40 AND 49% STUDENTS OF
COLOR.
THESE 22 STATES WITH POPULATIONS
OF STUDENTS OF COLOR LARGER THAN
40% NOW MAKE UP 2/3 OF THE TOTAL
PUBLIC SCHOOL POPULATION
NATIONWIDE ACCORDING TO THE U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.
SO IT’S IMPERATIVE THAT THE
NATION ADDRESSES THE EDUCATION
INEQUALITY IN ORDER TO PRODUCE
BETTER OUTCOMES FOR STUDENTS OF
COLOR, FOR ALL STUDENTS.
THINK ABOUT IT, 2/3 OF OUR
ECONOMY IS CONSUMER DRIVEN.
THAT IS, PEOPLE PURCHASING GOODS
AND SERVICES, YET ABOUT 1/3 OF
THE STUDENTS OF COLOR ARE ILL
EQUIPPED TO SIGNIFICANTLY
CONTRIBUTE BECAUSE THEY DO NOT
GRADUATE AND WILL NOT GRADUATE
COLLEGE AND CAREER READY.
THIS NATION CAN NO LONGER AFFORD
TO UNDER EDUCATE AN EVER
EXPANDING PORTION OF ITS FUTURE
WORKERS AND CONSUMERS.
THERE IS AN ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN
SCHOOLS, BUT THERE’S ALSO A
WIDENING EARNINGS GAP IN THE
ECONOMY.
A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA AND POST
SECONDARY EDUCATION MEAN MORE
AND MORE FOR WAGE POTENTIAL
EVERY YEAR, BUT THE ECONOMY AS
WELL AS OUR SCHOOL SYSTEMS WILL
FALTER WITHOUT AN EXPLICIT FOCUS
ON THE MOST TRADITIONALLY
DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS.
>> TO KICK THINGS OFF, YOU WILL
FIRST HEAR A PRESENTATION FROM
PANELIST AND THE AUDIENCE.
>> WE’VE RECEIVED INFORMATION
AND YOU CAN LOOK AT THE MONITOR.
LET’S TURN TO JOHN GOMPERTS.
JOHN, CAN YOU PLEASE SHARE WITH
OUR AUDIENCE EXACTLY WHAT THE
GRAD NATION AGENDA IS AND HOW
THE BUILDING THE GRAD NATION
REPORT FITS IN ADVANCING THE
AGENDA?
>> SURE.
OF COURSE.
THANKS, BOB.
AND THANKS TO EVERYBODY FOR
JOINING TODAY.
I’LL BE VERY, VERY BRIEF BECAUSE
REALLY THE POINT OF THIS CALL IS
TO GET TO THE MEAT OF THE
MATTER, WHICH IS WHAT BRIDGE AND
BOB BALFANZ WILL TALK ABOUT.
THE GRAD NATION CAMPAIGN IS A
CAMPAIGN OF MANY ORGANIZATIONS
AND COMMUNITIES COMING TOGETHER
BEHIND A SHARED GOAL, THAT GOAL
BEING SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASING
TO 90% HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION
RATE IN AMERICA.
BOB ARTICULATED WELL THE REASONS
BEHIND THIS GOAL AND OUR ROLE AT
AMERICA’S PROMISE, ALONG WITH
OUR PARTNERS AT THE ALLIANCE FOR
EXCELLENT EDUCATION AT JOHNS
HOPKINS AND AT CIVIC VENTURES —
CIVIC ENTERPRISES IS REALLY TO
BRING ORGANIZATIONS TOGETHER
BEHIND THIS SHARED GOAL AND TO
SET AN AGENDA OF POLICY, OF
PRACTICE, OF COMMUNITY
ENGAGEMENT, OF MULTI-SECTOR
ENGAGEMENT THAT WILL BRING ABOUT
NOT ONLY THE PUBLIC WILL BUT THE
INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSES THAT
WILL LEAD US IN THE DIRECTION OF
THIS GRAD NATION GOAL.
BOB, BRIDGE, AND BOB BALFANZ ARE
KEY PARTNERS IN THIS, AND THE
GRAD NATION REPORT, THE BUILDING
GRAD NATION REPORT WHICH WAS
RELEASED JUST ABOUT TWO MONTHS
AGO NOW IS A KEY MEASURE OF HOW
WE’RE DOING, HOW WE, THOSE
ORGANIZATIONS, INSTITUTIONS THAT
HAVE GOTTEN BEHIND THIS GOAL AND
HOW WE AS A NATION ARE DOING IN
INCREASING GRADUATION RATES.
SO IT’S REALLY A VERY IMPORTANT
OPPORTUNITY FOR PEOPLE FROM
AROUND THE COUNTRY TO LEARN
ABOUT WHAT’S IN THIS REPORT, HOW
THIS REPORT WORKS AND HOW WE CAN
ALL USE THIS, BOTH TO TRACK
PROGRESS AND TO ENGAGE MORE
PEOPLE, MORE COMMUNITIES, AND
MORE INSTITUTIONS IN THIS
CAMPAIGN.
SO WITH THAT LITTLE OVERVIEW, I
THINK I’LL TURN IT BACK TO YOU,
BOB, AND LET BRIDGE AND BOB
BALFANZ LAY OUT WHAT WE’VE
LEARNED AND THEN WE CAN GET TO
THE QUESTIONS.
>> GREAT.
THANKS, JOHN.
SO TO SHARE WITH YOU SOME OF THE
KEY FINDINGS OF THE REPORT, WHY
DON’T WE START WITH YOU, BRIDGE.
>> GREAT, BOB.
I WANT TO BEGIN BY THANKING YOU
AND THE ALLIANCE FOR EXCELLENT
EDUCATION FOR WHAT YOU DO TO
EDUCATE THROUGH THE MANY
WEBINARS AND CREATE A DIALOGUE
THROUGH ORGANIZATIONS AND
LEADERS ALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
AS JOHN GOMPERTS MENTIONED AND
WITH LEADERSHIP FROM AMERICA’S
ALLIANCE THIS IS BOTH A
GRASSROOTS CAMPAIGN THAT IS
BRINGING TOGETHER ORGANIZATIONS
REPRESENTING POLICY MAKERS,
EDUCATORS AND COMMUNITY-BASED
ORGANIZATIONS.
THAT’S WHAT IT’S GOING TO TAKE
TO REACH THESE GOALS.
EACH SPRING AT THE GRAD NATION
SUMMIT WE HAVE UNDERTAKEN TO
HOLD OURSELVES AND THE FIELD
ACCOUNTABLE BY RELEASING
BUILDING A GRAD NATION REPORT
WHICH CHARTS OUR PROGRESS AND
CHALLENGE IN MEETING THIS GOAL
THAT JOHN MENTIONED OF A 90%
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATE BY
THE CLASS OF 2020.
I ALSO WANT TO MENTION THE GRAD
NATION CAMPAIGN HAS A SECOND
GOAL OF ACHIEVING THE HIGHEST
COLLEGE ATTAINMENT RATES IN THE
WORLD, AND WE ALWAYS KEEP THAT
VERY MUCH IN MIND.
THE FOOD NEWS THIS YEAR IS THAT
THE NATION’S HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT
CRISIS IS NO LONGER A SILENT
EPIDEMIC THANKS TO MANY OF YOU
PARTICIPATING IN THIS WEBINAR,
AND MANY OF AMERICA’S DROPOUT
FACTORIES ARE CLOSING OR BEING
RETOOLED.
REFORM EFFORTS AND
COLLABORATIONS INCLUDING MANY OF
THOSE PARTICIPATING IN THIS
WEBINAR TODAY OVER THE LAST
DECADE ARE, INDEED, PAYING OFF.
I ALSO WANT TO THANK AT&T
THROUGH ITS ASPIRE PROGRAM AND
STATE FARM, PARTICULARLY THE
EXTRAORDINARY WORK THEY’VE DONE
TO SUPPORT THE ECONOMIC
ANALYSIS, HAS REALLY BEEN GAME
CHANGING IN OUR VIEW.
FIRST BOB BALFANZ AND I WILL
PRESENT THE PROGRESS AND THEN
WE’LL GET TO THE CHALLENGE.
FOR A NOTE, THE EVIDENCE BASE WE
DRAW ON, WE’RE IN A TRANSITION
PERIOD.
WE DRAW ON DATA WITH THE BEST
ESTIMATE OF GRADUATION RATES
WHICH GIVE US THE ABILITY TO
TRACK TRENDS OVER TIME.
THIS WAS THE ESTIMATE USED UNTIL
JUST IN THE PAST YEAR, 47 STATES
ADOPTED THE ADJUSTED COULD
COHORT RATE.
IT INCLUDES STUDENT IDENTIFIERS
TO TRACK STUDENTS.
BOB DRAWS ON HIS PROMOTING POWER
DATA TO LOOK AT DROPOUT FACTORY
TRENDS.
SO THOSE THREE DATA POINTS ARE
ACTUALLY DESCRIBED IN MORE
DETAIL IN OUR REPORT IF YOU WANT
THE DEFINITIONS.
TURNING TO THE GRADUATION RATES
OVERTIME AS BOB MENTIONED.
THE GRADUATION RATE INCHED UP
1.5% POINTS FROM 2001 TO 2006.
THEN ROCKETED FORWARD 5
PERCENTAGE POINTS IN THE NEXT
FOUR YEARS.
ENCOURAGINGLY RIGHT AT A TIME
WHEN STRONG REFORM EFFORTS WERE
UNDERWAY.
NEXT, THE TOP HEADLINE FROM THE
REPORT THIS YEAR WAS REALLY
QUITE ENCOURAGING.
FOR THE FIRST TIME THE NATION IS
ON PACE TO REACH ITS NATIONAL
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATE GOAL
OF 90% BY THE CLASS OF 2020.
IF THE NATION MAINTAINS THE RATE
OF PROGRESS FROM 2006 TO 2010,
WHICH IS ABOUT A 1.25 PERCENTAGE
POINT GAIN EVERY YEAR, WE WILL
MOVE FROM 78% IN THE MOST
RECENTLY REPORTED YEAR, 12
PERCENTAGE POINTS, TO JUST ABOVE
90% HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES
BY THE CLASS OF 2020.
YOU KNOW, IT’S CAUSE FOR A
LITTLE CELEBRATION AND CERTAINLY
GOOD NEWS.
THE NEXT PICTURE SHOWING THE
STATES ACROSS THE COUNTRY SHOWS
THAT TWO STATES, WISCONSIN AND
VERMONT, HAVE ALREADY REACHED
THE 90% GOAL.
BASED ON THEIR PACE OF PROGRESS
OVER THE LAST FOUR YEARS, AGAIN,
LOOKING AT THAT 2006 TO 2010
RATE OF PACE, WHICH IS ABOUT
1.25 PERCENTAGE POINTS PER YEAR,
18 OTHER STATES, THOSE YOU SEE
ON THE SCREEN IN GREEN, ARE
ACTUALLY ON TRACK OR ON PACE TO
MEET THE 90% HIGH SCHOOL
GRADUATION RATE GOAL.
OTHER DATA THAT BOB WILL SHARE
IS REINFORCING OF THESE TRENDS.
WE’RE CERTAINLY MAKING SOME
IMPORTANT PROGRESS.
>> BOB BALFANZ.
>> THANKS, BRIDGE.
ANOTHER PIECE OF THE GOOD NEWS
IS THAT THE GREATEST GAINS IN
GRADUATION RATES OVER THE PAST
FIVE YEARS HAVE BEEN AMONG THE
STUDENTS FOR WHOM THE DROPOUT
CRISIS HAS BEEN THE MOST SEVERE.
GRADUATION RATES FOR
HISPANIC/LATINO STUDENTS ARE UP
10 POINTS AND 6.5% FOR
AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS.
THAT’S REALLY GREAT FOR THE
NATION’S FUTURE FOR A MUCH MORE
DIVERSE NATION.
IT’S SHOWING US IT’S POSSIBLE TO
HAVE ALL STUDENTS GRADUATE.
ONE OF THE REASONS IS DROPOUT
FACTORIES.
THAT NUMBER WAS BEEN DECLINING
QUITE SIGNIFICANTLY.
IN 2002 THAT WAS THE ALL TIME
HIGH FOR 2000 SCHOOLS WHICH WAS
ABOUT 12% OF ALL SCHOOLS
PRODUCED ALL DROPOUTS.
THIS IS DOWN TO 1424.
SO 5, 600 FEWER SCHOOLS IN THE
PAST DECADE.
EVEN MORE SURPRISINGLY AND MORE
POSITIVE IS THE NUMBER OF
SCHOOLS ATTENDING THESE SCHOOLS
IN WHICH GRADUATION HAS NOT BEEN
FORMED IS CUT BY 1 MILLION
STUDENTS.
THAT’S THE SECOND BIG HALLMARK.
THE NATION IS ON TRACK AT 90%.
A MILLION OR FEWER STUDENTS ARE
ATTENDING DROPOUT FACTORIES.
BECAUSE BLACKS AND HISPANICS
ATTENDED THESE SCHOOLS MUCH MORE
LIKELY THAN THE WHITE STUDENTS,
THEY HAVE SEEN A MORE
SIGNIFICANT EFFECT.
NEARLY HALF OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ATTENDED A
HIGH SCHOOL IN WHICH GRADUATION
IS NOT THE NORM.
THAT’S BEEN CUT IN HALF, 25%.
THAT’S A REMARKABLE RATE OF
SOCIAL PROGRESS IN LESS THAN A
DECADE.
IT’S A DISHEARTENING SITUATION.
IN AN ERA WHERE THERE’S NO WORK
TO SUPPORT A FAMILY WITH NO WORK
FOR HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS.
LATINOS HAVE SEEN A SIGNIFICANT
DECLINE.
>> SO WHY ARE GRADUATION RATES
RISING?
BY 2006 WHEN WE STARTED TO SEE
THE BEGINNING OF THESE
SIGNIFICANT GAINS THE CLASS OF
2010 WERE ACTUALLY FRESHMEN IN
HIGH SCHOOL, AND DURING THIS
VERY TIME AWARENESS OF THE
DROPOUT RATE WAS RISING.
THEY WERE ADDRESSING IT IN AN
AREA OF BETTER ACCOUNTABILITY.
STRONGER HIGH SCHOOL REFORM WAS
UNDERWAY.
THERE’S STATE REFORM, LEADERSHIP
FROM GOVERNORS AND OTHERS.
NUMEROUS SCHOOL DISTRICTS,
FOUNDATIONS, NONPROFITS STARTING
TO WORK TOGETHER TO IMPROVE,
BREAK UP, OR REPLACE LARGE HIGH
SCHOOLS WITH LOW GRADUATION
RATES.
WHAT BOB HAS REFERRED TO AS THE
NATION’S DROPOUT FACTORIES.
THIS FOCUSED ON THE IMPORTANT
NINTH GRADE AS A CRITICAL
TRANSITION YEAR INTO AND BEYOND
HIGH SCHOOL.
LOTS OF EFFORTS WERE UNDERWAY TO
KEEP STUDENTS IN SCHOOL AND ON
TRACK IN AND AROUND NINTH GRADE.
MORE RECENT DRIVERS INCLUDE THE
DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY WARNING
INFORMATION AND INTERVENTION
SYSTEMS SIGNALING TROUBLE AS
EARLY AS MIDDLE SCHOOL BASED ON
ABSENTEEISM, BEHAVIOR, COURSE
PERFORMANCE IN READING AND MATH.
MIDDLE SCHOOL REFORMS ADDRESSING
CHRONIC ABSENTEEISM AND GRANTS
THAT WE’RE HEARING MORE ABOUT
EVERY WEEK.
IT’S STRIKING THOUGH THAT
PROGRESS OCCURRED DURING THE
VERY PERIOD WHEN WE HAD THESE
REFORM EFFORTS STRONGLY UNDERWAY
AND AT THE SAME TIME WHEN IT
ACTUALLY BECAME HARDER TO
GRADUATE STATES RAISED
GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS, ADOPTED
COLLEGE PREP SEQUENCES OF
COURSES AND REQUIRED PASSING
EXIT AND END OF COURSE EXAMS FOR
GRADUATION.
AT THE SAME TIME, THE NEXT
GENERATION OF DROPOUT RECOVERY
AND ALTERNATIVE PATHWAYs TO
GRADUATION WERE OVERAGE AND
UNDER CREDITED STUDENTS.
AS BOB MENTIONED AT THE OUTSET,
IT’S A BIG DAY.
30th ANNIVERSARY OF A NATION AT
RISK.
WHILE THE GRAD NATION CAMPAIGN
IS MAKING GOOD PROGRESS, HISTORY
REALLY DOES REMIND US THAT
NATIONAL LEADERS HAVE REPEATEDLY
SOUNDED ALARMS, SET NATIONAL
GOALS AND NOT MET THEM.
THE GROUND BREAKING IN NATION AT
RISK REPORT WHICH IS A
BEAUTIFULLY WRITTEN REPORT, I
RECOMMEND YOU GO BACK AND REREAD
IT WHICH I DID JUST A COUPLE OF
MONTHS AGO BEFORE THE GRAD
NATION CAMPAIGN, INTERESTINGLY,
IT’S FULL OF BAD NEWS BUT THE
ONE RAY OF HOPE IT CITED WAS THE
COUNTRY HAD MADE A SIGNIFICANT
GAIN IN PREVIOUS DECADES IN
BOOSTING HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION
RATES COMING OUT OF WORLD WAR
II.
SINCE THE PRODUCTION OF THE
NATION AT RISK REPORT AND
SLIGHTLY BEFORE, WE’VE BEEN FLAT
LINING AS A COUNTRY IN
GRADUATION RATES.
AFTER THIS LANDMARK REPORT,
THREE SUCCESSIVE PRESIDENTS,
GEORGE H.W. BUSH, CLINTON,
GEORGE H. BUSH SET A 90%
GRADUATION RATE GOAL AND IN EACH
CASE THOSE TIME PERIODS CAME,
THOSE GOALS WERE NOT MET OR WE
HAVEN’T BEEN ON A PIECE TO MEET
THEM.
THIS IS A WARNING TO ALL OF US
TO STAY FOCUSED ON IMPLEMENTING
OUR PLAN UNTIL THE END.
THE NEXT SLIDE SHOWS YOU THE ON
PACE AND OFF PACE STATES.
WHILE SOME STATES WITH THE
LOWEST GRADUATION RATES IN THE
SOUTH HAVE MADE EXTRAORDINARY
PROGRESS OFTEN DRIVEN BY A
GALAXY OF SOUTHERN EDUCATION
GOVERNORS WANTING TO ADDRESS
POVERTY AND ECONOMIC
OPPORTUNITIES FOR THEIR
CONSTITUENTS AND EXTRAORDINARY
EFFORTS LIKE SCORE IN TENNESSEE,
OTHER EFFORTS ACROSS SOUTHERN
STATES, SIGNIFICANT GAINS HAVE
BEEN MADE.
BUT EVEN THEY HAVE FAR TO GO TO
STAY ON PACE IN MEETING OUR
NATIONAL GOAL.
SEVEN STATES NEED TO FURTHER
ACCELERATE AND 23 STATES ARE OFF
PACE.
BOB SHOWS WHERE WE NEED TO
ACCELERATE OUR PROGRESS.
>> WE HAVE THE GOOD NEWS.
NATIONAL GRADUATION RATE IS UP
FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 40 YEARS.
NUMBER OF DROPOUT FACTORIES DOWN
SIGNIFICANTLY.
NUMBER OF STUDENTS ATTENDING
THEM EVEN MORE.
AS BRIDGE JUST POINTED OUT, THE
GROWTH HAS BEEN UNEVEN.
SOME STATES HAVE SEEN REMARKABLE
GROWTH, SOME STATES HAVE SEEN
GOOD GROWTH AND SOME STATES NO
GROWTH AT ALL.
THIS YEARS WE HAVE DATA FROM THE
ADJUSTMENT COHORT.
TO FOLLOW THEM FROM NINTH GRADE,
WHETHER THEY GET A DIPLOMA OR
NOT IN FOUR YEARS.
IT LETS US HAVE GOOD INFORMATION
ON SUBGROUPS.
YOU LOOK AT HOW ARE WE DOING
WITH THE DIFFERENT GROUPS OF
STUDENTS.
AS YOU CAN SEE, WE LOOK FIRST AT
AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF STATES
WHERE THE GRADUATION RATE FOR
AFRICAN-AMERICANS IS STILL
ESSENTIALLY 60% OR BELOW, WHICH
MEANS IN THESE STATES 4 OUT OF
10 AFRICAN-AMERICANS ARE STILL
NOT GRADUATING ON TIME WITH
THEIR CLASS EVEN WITH THE GREAT
PROGRESS.
IF WE WANT TO MAKE OURSELVES
EVEN MORE NERVOUS, IF WE LOOK AT
PLACES LIKE CALIFORNIA, FLORIDA,
GEORGIA, NEW YORK, OHIO, AND
MICHIGAN WHERE A LARGE PERCENT
ATTEND UNTIL GRADUATION, THERE
IS A LOW GRADUATION RATE.
SOME OF THE GOOD NEWS IS
FLORIDA, TEXAS, CALIFORNIA IS
NOT ON THIS MAP AS HAVING LOW
GRADUATION RATES FOR LATINO
STUDENTS.
THAT’S IMPORTANT BECAUSE MOST
LATINO STUDENTS LIVE IN THOSE
STATES THOUGH WE’VE SEEN
MIGRATION.
IF WE LOOK AT STUDENTS WITH
DISABILITIES WE SEE A TROUBLING
PICTURE.
WE SEE MANY STATES WITH
GRADUATION RATES BELOW 50%.
THIS SHOWS THE CHALLENGE RATE IN
GRADUATION RATES.
THE SOUTH HAS SEEN REMARKABLE
PROGRESS IN RAISING GRADUATION
RATES, PARTICULARLY HAS HAD GOOD
SUCCESS IN CLOSING GAPS BETWEEN
MAJORITY AND AFRICAN-AMERICAN
STUDENTS.
WITH SPECIAL EDUCATION STUDENTS,
VERY LITTLE PROGRESS WITH
STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES.
THEY’RE ON TRACK TOW GIVE THEM
CERTIFICATES OF COMPLETION AND
NOT HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMAS.
IF YOU LOOK AT STUDENTS WITH
LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY, WE
REALIZE NO ONE IS DOING WELL
WITH THESE STATES YET.
ALMOST ALL STATES ARE
STRUGGLING.
IN SOME STATES THIS IS A GROWING
POPULATION.
IT TELLS US TO STAY ON TRACK OF
THAT 90% GOAL WE HAVE TO STEP UP
OUR GAME AND INITIALLY REACH ALL
STUDENTS.
NOT JUST THOSE THAT RESPONDED
FIRST TO THE REFORMS THAT ARE
PUT IN PLACE.
TO KEEP INCREASING GRADUATION
RATES, YOU HAVE TO GUARD AGAINST
OUR ATTENTION.
GRADUATION RATES ARE UP.
WE HAVE THE COMMON CORE TO WORRY
ABOUT.
IF WE DO THAT, WE’RE GOING TO
DROP THE BALL.
YOU CAN SEE MANY CHALLENGES
REMAIN.
MANY STATES AREN’T MOVING.
IF WE DON’T DOUBLE DOWN WE WON’T
BE ABLE TO BUILD ON THE MOMENTUM
WE HAVE.
TO MOVE FORWARD WE NEED TO BUILD
STRONG MULTI-SECTOR REFORMS.
ONE THING WE’VE SEEN AGAIN AND
AGAIN IS THE DISTRICTS AND
STATES THAT HAVE MOVED AHEAD, WE
NOTICE THEY’VE BUILT
MULTI-SECTOR COALITIONS.
SCHOOL DISTRICTS, BUSINESS
COMMUNITY, GRASSROOTS GROUPS,
NONPROFIT ALL WORKING TOGETHER
OVER TIME, HAVING A PLAN, REALLY
STAYING WITH THE PROBLEM.
>> AS BOB MENTIONED, ONE OF THE
THINGS WE’VE ENJOYED IS LOOKING
FOR THE RAYS OF HOPE AND SORT OF
THE SECRET SAUCE OR ELEMENTS OF
SUCCESS THAT BOB JUST MENTIONED.
IN PAST YEARS WE’VE FEATURED
STATES LIKE TENNESSEE AND NEW
YORK THAT HAVE MADE DOUBLE DIGIT
GAINS IN BOOSTING THEIR HIGH
SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES AND
TRIED TO UNDERSTAND WHAT ARE THE
MULTI-SECTOR EVENTS THAT HAVE
BEEN INVOLVED AND WHAT
CONCRETELY HAVE THOSE STATES
DONE.
WE’VE FEATURED CITIES LIKE NEW
YORK CITY, THE CITY OF
CINCINNATI AND THE STRIVE
PARTNERSHIP, HOUSTON AND
CHICAGO, BUT ALSO SUBURBAN AND
RURAL AREAS LIKE RICHMOND,
INDIANA, AND WASHINGTON COUNTY,
MARYLAND.
BOB AND THE ALLIANCE WROTE AN
EXTRAORDINARY REPORT ON
EDUCATION IN RURAL AREAS.
WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM THAT.
THIS YEAR WE FEATURE PROGRESS IN
THE SOUTH AND THE EXTRAORDINARY
STORY OF SOUTHERN EDUCATION
REFORM LITERALLY OVER THE PAST
NUMBER OF DECADES OFTEN LED BY
GOVERNORS.
WE ALSO FEATURE A REALLY
IMPORTANT CASE STUDY WE CALL
TEXAS MATTERS.
TEXAS EDUCATES I THINK IT’S 20%
OF THE NATION’S HISPANIC
STUDENTS.
9% OF ALL STUDENTS ACROSS THE
COUNTRY.
AND HAS MADE SIGNIFICANT
PROGRESS IN CLOSING GRADUATION
GAPS AMONG LATINOS AND
AFRICAN-AMERICANS.
BUT THERE ARE ALSO SOME
CHALLENGES WE HIGHLIGHT SUCH AS
HAVING COMMON RULES AROUND WHO
IS A FIRST-TIME NINTH GRADER,
WHO IS REMOVED FROM A COHORT FOR
WHAT REASONS AND FINALLY WHAT
CONSTITUTES A REGULAR DIPLOMA.
WE ALSO IN THE NEXT PICTURE, A
NUMBER OF YEARS AGO “TIME
MAGAZINE” DID A COVER STORY
CALLED “DROPOUT NATION.”
IT FEATURED A LITTLE GIRL FROM
SHELBYVILLE, INDIANA.
THEY WANTED TO SHOW THAT THIS
PROBLEM WAS NOT UNIQUE TO LARGE,
URBAN SCHOOL DISTRICTS BUT WAS
PERVASIVE ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
THE ENCOURAGING NEWS IS FROM THE
SUPERINTENDANT DOWN TO THE LOCAL
COMMUNITY SHELBYVILLE GOT
ORGANIZED, FOCUS THE LIKE A
LASER ON GETTING GOOD DATA ON
EACH OF THEIR 1100 STUDENTS,
CREATED A CULTURE THEY DID NOT
HAVE BEFORE CALLED EVERY STUDENT
COUNTS.
I’VE BEEN IN THEIR SCHOOL TO SEE
THEIR EARLY WARNING SYSTEM THAT
TRACKS ALL STUDENTS AND THEIR
PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES.
THEY RAISED THEIR HIGH SCHOOL
GRADUATION RATES IN SHELBYVILLE
FROM 70% AT THE TIME OF THE
COVER STORY TO 90% UNDER THE
COHORT RATE IN 2011 AND 93% THIS
LAST YEAR.
THIS IS A FIXABLE PROBLEM WITH
THE RIGHT LEADERSHIP AND FOCUS.
WE ALSO WANTED TO BRIEFLY
HIGHLIGHT BEHIND THE GRAD NATION
IS A WHOLE GROUP OF PEOPLE.
IT TAKES A COHORT APPROACH.
THE CLASS OF 2020 AT THE TIME
THIS CAMPAIGN STARTED, THOSE
WERE THE 4 MILLION STUDENTS IN
THE THIRD GRADE.
SO LOOKING AT WHAT ARE THE
SCHOOLS AND THEIR FEEDER
PATTERNS AS THEY RELATE TO THAT
COHORT AND TRACKING THOSE
STUDENTS OVER TIME AND DOING
THOSE THINGS THAT RESEARCH TELL
US ARE EFFECTIVE IN BOOSTING THE
LIFE PROSPECTS OF THOSE YOUNG
PEOPLE, PARTICULARLY GIVEN THE
INDIVIDUAL AND ECONOMIC AND
SOCIETAL IMPACTS THAT BOB
MENTIONED AT THE OUTSET.
WE ALSO WANT TO HIGHLIGHT FOR
YOU THAT THERE ARE RESOURCES
AVAILABLE.
BOB EVERY YEAR DOES THESE
WONDERFUL STATE INDICES THAT
SHOWS THE PROGRESS IN BOOSTING
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES,
THE ECONOMIC IMPACTS THAT BOB
WISE PROVIDES THROUGH THE
ALLIANCE, AND THEN THE
CHALLENGES THAT REMAIN THROUGH
THE PROGRESS THAT THE STATE
NEEDS TO MAKE AND WHAT ARE THE
ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF MAKING
SUCH PROGRESS.
WE ALSO FEATURE EVERY YEAR, ONE
OF THE THINGS WE’D LOVE TO
ENCOURAGE ALL OF THOSE OF YOU
WHO ARE PARTICIPATING IN THIS
WEBINAR IS TO THINK ABOUT WHAT
CAN YOUR INSTITUTIONS DO?
WHAT’S A BIG INSTITUTIONAL PLAY?
WHEN THE 50 GOVERNORS CAME
TOGETHER BOB WAS A GOVERNOR IN
WEST VIRGINIA AND DID THE COMMON
CALCULATION OF GRADUATION RATE.
THAT AFFECTED CHANGE ACROSS THE
SYSTEM.
IT IS ACTUALLY HAPPENING ACROSS
THE COUNTRY.
THIS YEAR WE WERE PLEASED TO
FEATURE A NUMBER OF BIG
INSTITUTIONS.
ONE WAS LAURA BUSH AND THE
GEORGE W. BUSH INSTITUTE IN
TEXAS COMMITTING TO DO A SERIES
OF EARLY WARNING SUMMITS.
A LEARNING SUMMIT AND THEN THREE
TEACHING SUMMITS ACROSS THE
COUNTRY.
WE HOPE YOU’LL PARTICIPATE IN
THOSE SUMMITS.
SECOND, YOU KNOW, JOHN GOMPERTS
WAS THE DIRECTOR OF AMERICORPS.
WENDY SPENCER ANNOUNCED THAT THE
CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL
COMMUNITY SERVICE IN PARTNERSHIP
WITH THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
WAS CREATING THE SCHOOL TURN
AROUND AMERICORPS PROGRAM.
IT SHOWS THE POWER OF WHAT JOHN
SEES EVERY DAY IN HIS DIPLOMA
NOW SCHOOL TO SHOW HOW THROUGH
NATIONAL SERVICE WE CAN HELP
KEEP YOUNG PEOPLE ON TRACK.
AGAIN, THANK YOU FOR HOSTING
THIS WEBINAR TODAY, BOB, AND
THAT’S BASICALLY IT ON THE GRAD
NATION REPORT.
>> WELL, IT’S A VERY THOROUGH
ANALYSIS.
JOHN GOMPERTS, I’M GOING TO TURN
TO YOU FIRST.
THERE HAVE BEEN A NUMBER OF
REFERENCES TO A MULTI-SECTOR
APPROACH TO EVERYONE BEING
INVOLVED, EDUCATORS, COMMUNITY
AS BUSINESS AS WELL.
AMERICA’S PROMISE ALLIANCE OVER
THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS HELD 100
SUMMIT IN MANY STATES AND
COMMUNITIES.
I BELIEVE AMERICA’S PROMISE
ALLIANCE NOW HAS — IS MAKING A
COMMITMENT TO DO THE SAME THING
AGAIN.
COULD YOU TALK ABOUT WHAT
HAPPENS AT A SUMMIT AND WHAT HAS
BEEN THE VALUE?
HOW DOES IT PULL PEOPLE
TOGETHER?
I’M GOING TO TURN TO BRIDGE AND
ASK THAT QUESTION.
YOU’VE BEEN INVOLVED IN THOSE
AND I KNOW ALL OF US HAVE.
EACH COMMUNITY IS A LITTLE BIT
DIFFERENT FLAVOR, A LITTLE BIT
DIFFERENT PERSONALITY, DIFFERENT
KIND OF CHEMISTRY, BUT IT DOES
SEEM TO HAVE BROUGHT PEOPLE
TOGETHER.
>> WHAT WE’VE LEARNED IS A
FAIRLY COOL LEADERSHIP PATTERN.
ADMINISTRATORS AND TEACHERS AND
COUNSELORS AND THOSE WITHIN THE
SCHOOL WALLS CAN’T TACKLE THIS
PROBLEM ALONE AND SO THE —
>> HELLO, JOHN?
NO.
>>> BY NINTH GRADE THE OTHER
REALLY KEY TRANSITION POINT,
THEN TEND TO BE NOT COMING TO
SCHOOL, GETTING IN TROUBLE AND
FAILING.
SO A LOT CAN STILL BE DONE.
THERE’S A LOT OF GOOD REFORM.
IT’S THAT MUCH HARDER.
WE FOUND THAT KIDS THAT ARE ON
TIME AND ON TRACK FROM SIXTH TO
TENTH GRADE HAVE OFTEN THREE TO
FOUR MORE TIMES THE ODDS OF
GRADUATING THAN STUDENTS WHO
FALL OFF PATH AT THAT TIME.
THAT SAID, FOR SOME KIDS AS
EARLY AS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL,
WOULD HE KNOW THOSE KIDS
STRUGGLE TO READ, THOSE KIDS
WITH HIGH LEVEL TO CHRONIC
ABSENTEEISM FROM KINDERGARTEN TO
FIRST GRADE HAVE TROUBLE GETTING
ON THE EDUCATION PATH.
THEY NEED TO LOOK AT KEY
TRANSITIONS.
INTO SCHOOL, MIDDLE SCHOOL, INTO
HIGH SCHOOL AND THEN OUT OF HIGH
SCHOOL TO CAREER TRAINING OR
COLLEGE TO KEEP KIDS ON TRACK.
>> THEN ANOTHER PERSON ASKED
WHAT’S THE IMPORTANT OF DATA?
>> THE DATA SYSTEMS ARE CRITICAL
BECAUSE THAT’S WHERE WE LEFT YOU
TO PINPOINT YOUR EFFORTS.
FOR A LONG TIME DROPOUT
PREVENTION HAD A BAD WRAP
BECAUSE THEY DID IT ON
DEMOGRAPHICS.
IF YOU HAVE A CERTAIN
DEMOGRAPHIC WE ASSUME YOU NEED
HELP.
IT TURNS OUT SOME KIDS NEEDED
HELP, SOME DIDN’T.
SOME OTHER KIDS NEEDED IT BUT
WEREN’T GETTING IT.
THEN THE REVIEWS WOULD SAY
DROPOUT PREVENTION EFFORTS DON’T
WORK.
THEY LARGELY DIDN’T WORK BECAUSE
THEY WERE POORLY TARGETED.
IT’S BY GIVING GOOD DATA THAT WE
DIDN’T GET THOSE RESOURCES.
WITHOUT GOOD DATA, YOU’RE
SHOOTING IN THE DARK.
>> SO THAT’S THE IMPORTANCE OF
MAKING SURE THAT A DISTRICT
INVESTS IN A GOOD DATA SYSTEM.
>> YES.
>> AND ALSO HOW TO USE IT.
BRIDGE, I KNOW THIS ONE IS WHERE
YOU’VE DONE A LOT OF WORK.
EMILY ASKED, THERE’S A NATIONAL
FOCUS ON DROPOUT PREVENTION, BUT
WHAT ABOUT THOSE WHO HAVE
ALREADY DROPPED OUT.
>> YEAH.
>> I’M SO GLAD YOU RAISED THAT,
EMILY.
SADLY THERE’S 6.7 MILLION 16 TO
24 YEARS OLD WHO ARE CONNECTED
YOUTH.
WE CALL THEM OPPORTUNITY YOUTH.
HAVING LISTENED TO ALL OF THEM
ACROSS THE CUP BE TRY AS PART OF
PRESIDENT OBAMA’S WHITE HOUSE
COUNCIL, YOU SEE THEY HAVE SO
MUCH HOPE AND POTENTIAL TO
RECONNECT AND PROVIDE ASSETS TO
THE COUNTRY.
3.4 OF THAT AGE COHORTS ARE HIGH
SCHOOL DROPOUTS.
THEY’RE CHRONICALLY
DISCONNECTED.
ONE COHORT OF 16 TO 24-YEAR-OLDS
COSTS TAXPAYERS $93 BILLION
EVERY YEAR.
AND UP TO $4.7 TRILLION TO
SOCIETY OVER THEIR LIFETIME.
SO THE ECONOMIC CASE FOR ACTION
IS VERY, VERY STRONG.
THE GOOD NEWS IS THERE ARE
PROGRAMS ALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
YOUTH BUILD IS ONE.
IT USES A STRATEGY TO USE A YEAR
OF NATIONAL SERVICE AND TREAT
THESE YOUNG PEOPLE AS THE CIVIC
ASSETS THEY ARE, THEY BUILD
HOMES IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES, BUT
AT THE SAME TIME THEY’RE WORKING
TO GET THEIR HIGH SCHOOL DIP AND
THEY’RE WORKING TO GET JOB
TRAINING AND RECONNECTED TO A
JOB.
SO SERVICE EDUCATION AND JOB IS
SORT OF AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY.
IT’S A SMART APPROACH.
THERE’S TEN TIMES THE NUMBER OF
YOUNG PEOPLE WHO WANT TO GO
THROUGH YOUTH BUILDS AND SLOTS.
THAT’S A PROGRAM WE HAVE TO
GROW.
>> THE QUESTION FROM RENE, HOW
CAN A NINTH GRADER PASS COURSES
FROM FOURTH TO EIGHTH GRADE
READING AT A THIRD GRADE LEVEL
AND, INDEED, A LOT OF WORK.
I KNOW THAT MY ORGANIZATION HAS
LOOKED AT EIGHTH GRADE READING
RATES ON EITHER STATE TESTING OR
ON THE NATIONAL ASSESSMENT FOR
EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS.
I CAN LOOK AT THE WORST CATEGORY
OF RATES, BELOW BASIC READING,
TWO TO THREE GRADES BELOW LEVEL,
TELL YOU WITHIN ONE TO TWO
POINTS AND TELL YOU WHAT THE
DROPOUT RATE WILL BE IN A STATE.
BOB, I KNOW YOU’VE GOT A LOT OF
EXPERIENCE.
HOW DO YOU CATCH A NINTH GRADER
UP?
>> YEAH.
THIS IS THE IDEA OF PEER
INTERVENTION APPROACH.
FOR EVERY KID YOU NEED GOOD
FRONT LINE READING INSTRUCTION.
FOR THE NEXT GROUP OF KIDS,
THEY’RE ONE OR TWO YEARS BEHIND.
IT’S OFTEN CALLED A DOUBLE DOSE.
THEY MAY TAKE REGULAR ENGLISH
AND A STRATEGIC READING.
FOR STUDENTS FURTHER BEHIND YOU
NEED SMALL GROUP INSTRUCTIONS
FROM WELL QUALIFIED INSTRUCTORS.
AT THAT POINT IF YOU’RE IN NINTH
GRADE WITH A FOURTH GRADE
READING LEVEL, YOU NEED
TARGETED, INTENSIVE HELP BECAUSE
THE TRUTH IS YOU HAVE SOCIAL,
EMOTIONAL, ACADEMIC ISSUES BY
THAT POINT.
YOU KNOW YOU STRUGGLE SO YOU
DEVELOP A LOT OF COPING
MECHANISMS, MANY ARE COUNTER
PRODUCTSTIVE.
WE HAVE TO WORK ON BOTH THAT AND
THE SKILL LEVEL.
>> ALI ASKS, HAVE SCHOOL
CLIMATES OR CHARACTER
DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES
CONTRIBUTED TO THE POSITIVE
TREND?
WHAT DOES RESEARCH SAY ABOUT
SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS?
>> SO WE CAN’T DRAW THE STRAIGHT
LINE BECAUSE WE DON’T KNOW
EXACTLY THE SCHOOLS THAT GOT
BETTER BECAUSE THEY HAVE
INITIATIVES FOR SAFE AND HEALTHY
SCHOOLS, BUT WE KNEW BROADLY
SPEAKING THAT SCHOOL CLIMATE IS
VERY IMPORTANT.
IF STUDENTS DON’T FEEL SAFE, IF
THEY DON’T FEEL SUPPORTED, IT’S
HARD FOR THEM TO PUT FORTH
SUSTAINED EFFORT.
AT THE END OF THE DAY WE HAVE TO
HAVE GREAT TEACHERS.
IF STUDENTS CAN’T COME IN AND
STAY FOCUSED, IT DOESN’T MATTER.
FOR KIDS TO PARTICIPATE THEY
HAVE TO FAIL SAFE, FEEL
SUPPORTED AND THEIR OUT OF
SCHOOL ISSUES HAVE TO BE TAKEN
CARE OF.
POVERTY IS TOUGH.
IT SENDS MANY KIDS TO SCHOOL
WITH NOT GOOD HEALTH CARE, NOT
GOOD EYEGLASSES.
UNTIL WE BUILD SUPPORTS FOR
THAT, THAT MAKES IT HARD FOR
THAT KID TO COME EVERY DAY, HARD
TO FOCUS IN CLASS, HARD NOT TO
ACT OUT.
IT IS BY COMBINING THE STRONG
ACADEMICS THAT WE CAN SEE
PROGRESS.
>> WHEN WE DID A SURVEY OF
DROPOUTS, THIS WAS THE MOST
SIGNIFICANT ISSUE THAT EMERGED
WHICH WAS THE SCHOOL CLIMATE
THAT THESE YOUNG KIDS WERE GOING
INTO, LITERALLY SO UNSAFE THAT
THEY COULDN’T DO IT.
ADULTS NOT KNOWING THEIR NAMES
OR INTERESTS.
WANTING TO SEE SOME CONNECTION
BETWEEN WHAT THEY WANTED TO BE
AND WHAT THEY WERE LEARNING.
ANOTHER DIMENSION IS THE SOCIAL
AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
THERE’S A META ANALYSIS SHOWING
THAT DEVELOPMENTS IN SOCIAL
EMOTIONAL LEARNING ARE CRITICAL
IN BOOSTING ACADEMIC
PERFORMANCE.
YOUNG PEOPLE WANT TO FIT IN.
THEY WANT TO WORK TOGETHER IN
TEAMS.
THEY HAVE TO LEARN A SET OF
SKILLS THAT EMPLOYERS ARE GOING
TO NEED THEM TO HAVE WHEN THEY
ENTER THE WORK FORCE.
PART OF THOSE ARE ACADEMIC.
PART ARE SOCIAL EMOTIONAL AS
WELL.
WE HAVE TO FOCUS MORE ENERGIES.
>> THE SOCIAL EMOTIONAL IS A
RAPIDLY EMERGING AREA BUT IT’S
NOT ONE THAT — MY OBSERVATION
IS A LOT OF TIMES IN EDUCATION
WHAT IS COMMON SENSE MAY BE DONE
ON AN EPISODIC BASIS.
IT REALLY NEEDS TO BE
INSTITUTIONALIZED.
IN THE STATE OF ILLINOIS THEY’VE
INSTITUTIONALIZED SEL AND THE
STATE STANDARD.
IT’S BEEN EMBEDDED.
YOU’RE RIGHT, IT’S A VERY EARLY
FIELD.
THERE ARE HOPE SPOTS ACROSS THE
COUNTRY, INCLUDING HERE IN
WASHINGTON, D.C., THAT I’VE SEEN
THAT ARE EXTRAORDINARY WHERE
STUDENTS ARE TAUGHT TO TAKE
RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR OWN
LEARNING AND TO BECOME THE
TEACHERS AND INTEGRATED WHERE
THE MORNING MEETING THAT THEY DO
IS STRUCTURED.
>> PART OF THAT SPEAKS TO THE
STATE.
YOU HAVE TO RECOGNIZE THAT IT’S
A MONUMENTAL SHIFT SAYING ALL
KIDS NEED TO GRADUATE HIGH
SCHOOL, PREPARE FOR SOME SORT OF
POST SECONDARY SCHOOLING OR
TRAINING.
THE HIGH SCHOOL IS NOT THE END
POINT FOR ANYONE.
IT’S A WAY STATION FOR SOMETHING
ELSE.
THAT REALLY CHANGES WHAT SCHOOLS
HAVE TO DO.
BEFORE IT WAS THE KIDS THAT
PICKED UP A LOT OF THESE SORT OF
FANCY TERM EXECUTIVE FUNCTION
SKILLS.
I CAN MANAGE MY WORK, I CAN
MANAGE MY FUNCTIONS.
OFTEN AT HOME WERE THE KIDS THAT
WENT TO COLLEGE.
THE KIDS THAT COULD BE LIKE HERE
ARE THE RULES, WORK HARD, DO
THEM, THERE WAS GOOD FACTORY
JOBS THAT COULD SUPPORT A MIDDLE
CLASS LIFESTYLE ON.
THAT IS GONE.
NOW WE HAVE TO TEACH SOME OF
THESE SKILLS.
>> THAT I THINK IS PROBABLY ONE
OF THE MOST SWEEPING CHANGES
THAT’S TAKING PLACE.
BEFORE THE MANDATE, IF YOU’VE
GOT THESE SKILLS, WHETHER YOU
CALL THEM DEEPER LEARNING, 21st
CENTURY, ABILITY TO THINK
CREATIVELY, CRITICALLY, INTERACT
TO DO PROBLEM SOLVING, IF 20% OF
THE SCHOOL POPULATION GOT THOSE,
THEY WOULD BE OUR LEADERS AND
THE REST OF US COULD DO JUST
FINE, AS BOB SAYS, WORKING AT A
FACTORY JOB WHERE WE DID ONE
ROUTINE TASK DAILY.
TODAY YOU MAY BE IN A FACTORY
BUT YOU’LL BE USING THOSE
SKILLS.
IT’S NO LONGER THE PURVIEW OF A
FEW.
JUDY IN CALIFORNIA GETS TO THAT.
ARE WE ALSO EDUCATING STUDENTS
TO CERTAIN COMPETENCIES OR,
QUOTE, JUST GRADUATING THEM FROM
HIGH SCHOOL?
THE CONCERN BEING MAYBE GOOD
GETTING DIPLOMAS, BUT WHAT’S
BEHIND THE DIPLOMA?
ARE STUDENTS RECEIVING THE
EDUCATION THAT PREPARES THEM FOR
COLLEGE AND CAREERS?
>> BOB AND I ASKED THIS QUESTION
BECAUSE WE WERE WORRIED IN
SEEING THE DOUBLE DIGIT GAINS IN
GRADUATION RATES, ARE WE
CRANKING OUT DIPLOMA MILLS.
THE GOOD NEWS WAS WE DID A
SUB-ANALYSIS OF THOSE
COMMUNITIES THAT WE WERE
HIGHLIGHTING.
THESE STUDENTS AND SCHOOLS,
THEY’RE POINTING TOWARDS COLLEGE
AND CAREER.
IT’S NOT UNIVERSAL OBVIOUSLY,
BUT THAT GAVE US CONFIDENCE THAT
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIGHER
STANDARDS, EXPECTATIONS AND
ENSURING THAT THE DIPLOMAS
THEY’RE GETTING NOT ONLY GIVE
THEM THE SKILL AND THE
CREDENTIAL BUT IT’S A REAL
PATHWAY.
I THINK THE COUNTRY NEEDS TO
TALK ABOUT CAREER AND TECHNICAL
EDUCATION, TOO.
NOT JUST FOUR YEAR COLLEGE.
>> THE OTHER THING WE HAVE TO
ALSO THINK ABOUT AS WE GET
SOMEONE READY IN TERMS OF
SCHOOLING AND TRAINING, EVIDENCE
TELLS US, AND IT’S SUPPORTED BY
ACT, SAT WHO DO THE TESTS, THAT
THEY’RE AN IMPORTANT ELEMENT OF
ARE YOU READY TO MOVE ON.
ALSO WHAT YOUR GRADES ARE HAS
INDEPENDENT IMPACT AND MEASURE
OF YOU.
IT’S NOT JUST DO YOU GET A HIGH
TEST SCORE, THEREFORE, THE
DIPLOMA MEANS SOMETHING.
ALSO, DID YOU DO WELL IN YOUR
COURSES AND HAVE YOU DEVELOPED
ACADEMIC BEHAVIORS?
WHEN YOU GO TO COLLEGE, YOU HAVE
TO SELF-MANAGE YOURSELF.
SHOW THAT YOU LISTENED TO ME.
IF YOU DON’T DEVELOP THOSE IN
HIGH SCHOOL, YOU’RE NOT READY
FOR COLLEGE.
AS IMPORTANT AS TEST SCORES ARE,
IF WE MAKE THEM OUR ONLY
OUTCOME, WE WON’T MAKE SURE KIDS
HAVE THE SKILLS TO SUCCEED.
>> SO THAT GOES TO STEPHANIE’S
QUESTION.
CAN YOU SPEAK TO A CONCERN THAT
INSTITUTING A HIGH SCHOOL EXIT
EXAM INCREASES DROPOUTS?
>> YES.
THIS IS AN INTERESTING PUZZLE.
IF YOU LOOK AT EMPIRICALLY, THE
DATA WOULD SAY WE’VE MADE IT
TOUGHER TO GET A HIGH SCHOOL
DIPLOMA WHEN GRADUATION RATES
HAVE BEEN RISING PARTICULARLY
AMONG LOW INCOME MINORITY
STUDENTS.
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE DOESN’T TELL
YOU THE ANSWER.
IF YOU LOOK STATE BY STATE WE
CAN MAKE IT A LITTLE MORE
NUANCED.
WHEN WE RAISE EXPECTATIONS, EXIT
EXAMS AND HAVE EXTRA HELP FOR
STUDENTS WHO NEED IT, THEN WE
HAVE HAVE RAISED STANDARDS.
WE’RE ONE OF THE FIRST STATES
THAT DID RAISE STANDARDS AND
DIDN’T HAVE A DIP.
WE GOT TO DO SOMETHING.
WE CAN’T SAY FIELD OF DREAMS.
ONCE THEY PUT THE EXTRA HELP IN,
THEN THE GRAD RATES WENT UP
AGAIN.
ONE THING WE HAVE TO KEEP IN
MIND, THIS CAME OUT IN THE
RECENT REPORT BY THE CARNEGIE
ADMINISTRATION, IS THAT MOST OF
OUR ATTEMPTS TO RAISE STANDARDS
IN THE PAST DECADE HAVE IMPACTED
KIDS IN THE 11th AND 12th GRADE.
THEY COULD RAISE THEIR GAME WITH
A LITTLE MORE HELP.
THE COMMON CORE IS GOING TO MAKE
THE NINTH GRADE HARDER.
THAT’S THE PIVOTAL YEAR.
IF YOU DON’T MAKE IT TO THE
TENTH GRADE ON TIME, YOUR ODDS
PLUMMET CONSIDERABLY.
WE HAVE TO PAY ATTENTION.
ARE WE PROVIDING ENOUGH SUPPORTS
FOR THOSE KIDS SO WE CAN KEEP
RACING STANDARDS.
>> THAT’S SUCH AN IMPORTANT
POINT.
IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS EVERY
STATE NOW HAS GONE TO A COLLEGE
AND CAREER READY STANDARD FOR
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION AS
OPPOSED TO SIMPLY A PROFICIENCY
WITH EACH STATE DEFINING WHAT
THAT IS.
46 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA HAVE THE COMMON CORE.
24 HAVE THE OTHER.
THE BAR GOT RAISED.
AT THE SAME TIME WHILE THEY’RE
TAKING PLACE, HIGH SCHOOL
GRADUATION RATES ARE GOING TO
BECOME OKAY.
IT’S ONE THING TO HAVE
ASPIRATION BUT THEN THERE’S THE
IMPLEMENTATION.
>> BRIDGE, THERE’S GRAD NATION
AND THE CIVIC MARSHAL PROGRAM.
>> YES.
>> CAN YOU KIND OF OUTLINE WHAT
EACH IS?
>> SURE.
GRAD NATION IS A BROAD BASED
CAMPAIGN WITH LEADERSHIP FROM
AMERICA’S PROMISED ALLIANCE AND
OUR CONVENING GROUPS AND IT IS A
PLAT FORMED TO DRIVE AWARENESS,
ATTENTION AND RESOURCES THROUGH
THESE WEBINARS, GUIDE BOOKS,
REPORTS AND TO KEEP A LEADERSHIP
COUNCIL ORGANIZATION, LIKE THE
NATIONAL GOVERNORS ORGANIZATION
BUT ALSO THE NATIONAL SECONDARY
SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AND OTHER
INSTITUTIONS REPRESENTING
EDUCATORS AND THEN COMMUNITY
BASED ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE SO
VITALLY IMPORTANT.
WE OFTEN CALLED IN FOR THE EXTRA
GROUND TROOPS.
YOU’VE GOT ALL OF THIS
INFORMATION ON STUDENTS WHO ARE
OFF TRACK AND THE SCHOOLS ARE
OVERWHELMED.
THEY NEED THE ADDITIONAL
SUPPORTS FROM COMMUNITY BASED
ORGANIZATIONS TO MAKE SURE THEY
STAY ON TRACK.
THE FIRST EFFORT TO TAKE THE
NATIONAL GOAL THAT NOW FOUR
PRESIDENTS HAVE SET AND TO TAKE
IT SERIOUSLY.
THIS IS A TARGETABLE FIXABLE
PROBLEM.
WE’RE GOING TO FOCUS ON THE
SCHOOLS WHERE YOUNG PEOPLE ARE
DISPROPORTIONALLY DROPPING OUT.
WE’RE BUILDING FURTHER EVIDENCE
AS WE LEARN TO DO THE TIME LINE
OF THOSE STUDENTS AND THE CLASS
OF 2020 TO ENSURE THAT AS MANY
AS POSSIBLE STAY ON TRACK TO
GRADUATE.
OF COURSE, THE BEAUTY OF IT IS
THAT CLASSES AFTER 2020 WILL
BENEFIT FROM ALL OF THIS
LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT.
>> IT’S LITERALLY A MULTI-YEAR
DECADAL PLAN WHICH IS UNUSUAL IN
THIS COUNTRY.
WE HAVE AN ANNUAL
APPROPRIATIONS.
THE COUNTRY IS COMING TOGETHER
AROUND A PLAN TO MEET THE GOAL.
>> IF YOU COULD TALK ABOUT
RESOURCES THAT ARE AVAILABLE.
>> ABSOLUTELY.
I WOULD MENTION A NUMBER OF
THINGS.
ONE IS THIS GUIDE BOOK THAT
LOOKS AT HOW DO YOU UNDERSTAND
YOUR DROPOUT PROBLEM IN YOUR
COMMUNITY?
HOW DO YOU RAISE AWARENESS?
HOW DO YOU GET THE KEY
STAKEHOLDERS INVOLVED?
WHAT DOES IT TELL US ABOUT WHAT
WORKS AND THEN HOW CAN YOU
IMPLEMENT IT IN YOUR COMMUNITY
BASED ON HOW OTHERS HAVE DONE IT
AS WELL?
THERE’S ALSO THE BUILDING A GRAD
NATION REPORT.
IS THIS FOURTH ANNUAL?
>> IT IS.
>> INCREASING FOCUS ON DATA.
LOTS OF RICH INFORMATION IN
THOSE REPORTS ABOUT WHERE WE
ARE, WHERE WE’RE HEADED.
>> I THINK JUST DID YOU TO THE
WEBSITE FOR ORGANIZATIONS.
EVERYONE GRADUATES IS WHERE YOU
CAN FIND OUR WORK.
BETWEEN THEM THEY’RE A WEALTH OF
RESOURCES FROM HOW-TO MANUALS TO
GOOD EVIDENCE BASE TO MAKE THE
CASE LOCALLY.
WHY THIS MATTERS ECONOMICALLY.
HOW WE CAN CUMULATIVE ORGANIZE
IT TO A COMMUNITY ACTION PLAN.
WHAT WE NO ABOUT EARLY WARNING
SYSTEMS.
ALL THAT STUFF IS ON OUR
RESPECTIVE WEBSITES.
SOME JOINTLY, SOME INDIVIDUALLY,
SO THE BEST THING IS TO DO A
QUICK TOUR OF THOSE FOUR SPOTS
AND YOU’LL GET QUITE A WEALTH OF
TOOLS AND KNOW HOW.
>> I’VE GIVEN MY PENCHANT FOR
POLICY.
I CAN’T LEAVE THIS DISCUSSION
WITHOUT TALKING A LITTLE BIT
ABOUT ONE OF THE COMPONENTS
THAT’S SO IMPORTANT IS HOW THIS
POLICY, FEDERAL, STATE, EVEN
DISTRICT AFFECTED POSITIVELY THE
GRADUATION RATE AND WHAT
POLICIES DO YOU SEE COMING.
>> I THINK IT’S A FUNDAMENTAL
RESPONSIBILITY OF GOVERNMENT TO
COME AND CHECK THE DATA.
WEE HAVE A COMMON CALCULATION OF
GRADUATION RATE.
JUST THIS YEAR WE’RE BENEFITTING
ON THAT.
WE CAN TELL ACROSS THE COUNTRY
WHAT’S REALLY GOING ON.
THERE’S A CLEANUP SCREW CREW
THAT HAS TO GO IN.
THAT’S BEEN A BIG JUMP.
THE SECOND THING I WOULD SAY IS
NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND WHICH I
KNOW HAS BEEN CONTROVERSIAL HAS,
YOU KNOW, CREATED A LOT OF
INFORMATION, DISAGGREGATED DATA.
THIS YEAR’S REPORT, WHILE
THERE’S TREMENDOUS DIFFERENCE,
THESE GAPS BETWEEN MAJORITY AND
MINORITY COMMUNICATIONS IF WE
DON’T FOCUS ON IT.
SPARKING, SEATING, FUNDING.
THE ALLIANCE WITH YOU, BOB, IN
ADVANCING THOSE CAUSES.
>> ANOTHER THING THAT A POLICY
HAS DONE WELL IN THE STATE AND
FEDERAL LEVEL, IT HELPS SAY THAT
GRADUATION RATES MATTER.
IF YOU REMEMBER BACK IN 2001,
2000 WHEN THE NATION’S
GRADUATION RATE WAS HITTING AN
ALL-TIME LOW A LOT OF PEOPLE
THOUGHT THERE WASN’T A DROPOUT
PROBLEM.
THEY WERE LOOKING AT CENSUS
REPORTS AND IT WAS THE GOVERNOR
AND HE SAID GRADUATION MATTERS.
YOU HAD TO HAVE GOOD ACHIEVEMENT
AND GOOD GRADUATION TO MAKE IT.
THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION HAS
TARGETED LOW GRADUATION SCHOOLS.
THE SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT GRANT
PROGRAM PUSHED BY INITIAL
STIMULUS GRANTS IS WELL OVER
1,000 SCHOOLS.
IT’S A LOW NUMBER.
>> IS IT IMPORTANT WITH THE
SCHOOLS THEY’VE MADE GREAT
GAINS, VTAC, ALSO ASK FOR A
SIGNIFICANT GRANT AMOUNT.
>> THAT’S REALLY ESSENTIAL.
THAT COULD ALSO RECOMMEND PEOPLE
LOOK AT THE NEW REPORT PUT OUT
BY THE CARNEGIE CORPORATION.
ESPECIALLY FOR KIDS WHO COME
INTO HIGH SCHOOL UNDER PREPARED,
WE HAVE TO REDESIGN THEIR HIGH
SCHOOL SITUATION.
IT WILL WORK.
TO HAVE A FEDERAL PROGRAM THAT
WILL HELP SUPPORT THAT AND WILL
SPUR INNOVATIONS OR PUT IT IN
THERE TO MAKE SURE WE MAKE THE
GRADUATION RATE.
>> BECAUSE AM I CORRECT IN WHAT
YOU’RE SURGING THERE THEN IS —
WHAT YOUR EAR URGING THERE IS
LAUNCHING THE FILE, PRACTICE,
AND BE ABLE TO REPLICATE?
>> YES.
>> A LOT OF WORK HAS BEEN DONE
AND A LOT MORE.
AS BOTH OF YOU HAVE POINTED OUT
HERE AND A NUMBER OF OTHERS, YOU
CAN ACTUALLY BEGIN TO SEE
PROGRESS BEING MADE.
I THINK THAT’S AN IMPORTANT PART
THAT EVERYONE OUGHT TO
UNDERSTAND IS THAT WHAT WAS
IGNORED IN 2001 AND FOR DECADES
BEFORE IS NOW ON THE AGENDA AND
ALSO THE ACTUAL REAL PROGRESS IS
TAKING PLACE.
BOY, IT’S HARD.
>> IT SURE IS.
>> I’M AFRAID THAT WE’RE RUNNING
OUT OF TIME.
I WANT TO THANK OUR SPEAKERS AND
OUR AUDIENCE FOR ALL THAT YOU’VE
DONE.
MANY OF YOU ARE INVOLVED.
THIS WAS POINTED OUT, THERE ARE
A NUMBER OF RESOURCES THROUGH
THE GRAD NATION AND THE CIVIC
MARSHAL PLAN, PARTICULARLY GOING
TO THE WEBSITE, THE
ORGANIZATIONS THAT ARE
REPRESENTED HERE TODAY, THE
AMERICA’S PROMISE ALLIANCE,
CIVIC ENTERPRISE, JOHNS HOPKINS.
REMIND ME AGAIN, BOB.
YOU HAVE TOO MANY TITLES.
>> EVERYONE GRADUATES.
>> EVERYONE GRADUATES AND THE
ALLIANCE FOR EXCELLENT
GRADUATION.
THE WORK AND PROGRESS HAS BEEN
TRULY BY A LOT OF PEOPLE WORKING
TOGETHER, BY ENTIRE COMMUNITIES
COMING TOGETHER, IF YOU MISSED
ANY OF TODAY’S WEBINAR, ARCHIVED
VIDEO AS WELL AS ALL OF THE
PRESENTATIONS, THE POWERPOINT
PRESENTATIONS WILL BE AVAILABLE
TOMORROW AT ALL FRED.ORG
SEMINARS.
WE HAVE A 24 HOUR TURNAROUND
TIME.
TUNE IN TOMORROW.
FOR THE LATEST ON FEDERAL
EDUCATION AND STATE EDUCATION
REFORMS, BE SURE TO FOLLOW THE
ALLIANCE ON TWITTER AT
TWITTER.COM/ALL FOR ED.
IN ORDER TO KEEP GRADUATING, THE
GRAD NATION, CONGRESS, THE
ADMINISTRATION, STATE
LEADERSHIP, DISTRICT LEADERSHIP
MUST CONTINUE TO INCREASE THE
FOCUS AND INVESTMENTS MADE IN
OUR LOWEST PERFORMING HIGH
SCHOOLS.
THE PRESIDENT’S INCLUSION IS
MENTIONED EARLIER, A KNEW HIGH
SCHOOL REDESIGN HIGH SCHOOL
PROGRAM IN THE FY 2013 BUDGET
REFLECTS THE GRAD NATION AGENDA
AND THE NEED TO FOCUS ON HIGH
SCHOOLS AS WELL AS ALL OTHER
SCHOOLS.
THE WORK OF GRAD NATION PROVIDES
UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY TO SHARE
INFORMATION AND BEST PRACTICES
WITH COLLEAGUES ACROSS THE
COUNTRY SO THESE EFFORTS CAN
TRULY BE BRUTE TO SCALE.
WE MUST WORK TOGETHER AND KEEP
OUR FOCUS ON WHAT MATTERS, THE
CONTINUAL PROGRESS OF OUR
STUDENTS.
TOGETHER, PARTICULARLY WITH THIS
GROUP HERE, I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT
WE WILL BE ABLE TO ONE DAY BUILD
THAT GRAD NATION.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Categories: High School Dropout Rates
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