Over the last few weeks, many governors across the country used their state of the state addresses to highlight the critical connection between excellence in education and healthy state economies. Specifically, their proposals focused on postsecondary preparation and access; better math, science, and technology education; and keeping talented youth in state to attract and fill new jobs.
Alaska: Palin Pledges to Work Toward a “World-Class” Education System
In her state of the state address on January 17, incoming Alaska Governor Sarah Palin (R) called education the central tool that government can provide to help citizens improve their standing. To that end, she pledged to fully fund a “foundation formula” for K–12 education aid, but added that her education vision goes beyond spending and includes an open-minded approach to rethinking how schools—especially high schools—operate.
“We’ll look at successful education programs statewide and outside that can be replicated, and we’ll look at new approaches,” she said. “We’ve got to do something different. Our high school graduation rate is 61 percent. That’s unacceptable! Our vo-tech opportunities need to grow so that our kids stay in school and then fill the voids in our industries. And at the same time, we need to make sure those who want to go to college are ready.”
Governor Palin’s complete speech is available at http://www.gov.state.ak.us/speeches.php?id=66.
Delaware: Minner Aims to Expand Upon “Tremendous Progress” in Education
In her state of the state address on January 18, Delaware Governor Ruth Ann Minner (D) pointed to Delaware’s fourth- and eighth-grade students’ scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), which ranked among the best in the nation in 2005, and to the state’s well-above-average Advanced Placement exam results as evidence of the state’s “tremendous progress” in raising student performance.
In an effort to continue this progress, she pledged to place an additional ten math specialists in Delaware’s public middle schools, which would complete her plan to have a math specialist in every middle school. Turning to high schools, Minner talked about the state’s pending participation in the National Guard’s Youth Challenge program, which has helped to reclaim recent high school dropouts in other states and targets participants who are unemployed, drug-free and law-free high-school dropouts, 16 to 18 years of age. “As I have said on many occasions, we cannot afford to have any child drop out of our education system, and this new initiative will provide us with yet another tool to ensure that all of our children have a better future,” she said.
Governor Minner’s complete speech is available at http://www.state.de.us/governor/speeches/2007%20state%20of%20the%20state.shtml.
Hawaii: Lingle Calls for STEM-Focused Workforce Development
In her state of the state address on January 22, Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle (R) declared that her state is uniquely positioned to take advantage of global economic transformation—if it invests wisely and innovatively in education and in other areas.
“The reality is that the future economic fortunes of our state will be determined by the capabilities and creativity of our people…and by their ability to work and communicate effectively with others from around the world,” she said. “No one is better suited than the citizens of Hawaii to work with people from diverse backgrounds…in a global economy…that will be focused on the Asia-Pacific region.”
Lingle’s workforce development strategy is designed to empower Hawaiian students to compete globally, with efforts focused on science, technology, and math education. She proposed expanding hands-on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) learning opportunities in grades six through nine; establishing high school STEM academies, staffed by a faculty of community college professors, that grant college credit; and funding scholarships to state institutions of higher education for students who successfully complete the STEM curriculum.
Governor Lingle’s complete address is available at
Indiana: Daniels Seeks Bipartisan Consensus to Raise Educational Performance
Reflecting on two years in office, Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels (R) noted success in “repaying” schools with funds that were cut in more economically turbulent times, while simultaneously balancing the state’s budget. He used his January 16 address to call on elected officials to forge a bipartisan vision, with improving the state’s educational outcomes as a central imperative.
“The better education of our children is a shared goal and a top priority of every Hoosier I know,” he said. “The best efforts of today’s committed educators have not sufficed to produce the results today’s world demands. When one in four Hoosier kids drops out, when one in three fails even that very basic measure we call [the Indiana Statewide Testing for Educational Progress], when 30 percent of those who complete high school go no further, when our state has the 6th lowest percentage of college graduates in America, we are not getting the job done.”
To improve education in the state, Daniels pledged to invest “at least a quarter of a billion dollars” above current education funding levels. He also committed to work toward a bipartisan plan for universal full-day kindergarten and expand the state’s pool of college graduates by creating lottery-funded Hoosier Hope Scholarships geared at keeping talented students in state.
Governor Daniels’s complete speech is available at http://www.in.gov/apps/utils/calendar/presscal?PF=gov2&Clist=196&Elist=88044.
Minnesota: Pawlenty Vows to Address the “Silent Crisis” in High Schools
On January 17, Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty (R) devoted a significant portion of his state of the state address to calling for a transformation of the state’s high schools. The governor, recently elected to his second term, praised the state’s high-ranking test scores as the product of “fantastic educators, engaged parents, and, of course…above average students.” However, he added, “Nation-leading in student performance isn’t good enough anymore. Our students need to be world-leading, not just nation-leading.”
Pawlenty pledged to increase general school funding by up to 4 percent—with 2 percent conditioned on individual schools receiving at least a three-star rating in reading and math on the State Report Card. However, he added that pouring funds into the existing secondary school system would not suffice and, echoing Bill Gates’s diagnosis, said that “American high schools are obsolete in their current form.”
“Too many of our high school students today are engaged in academic loitering for much of their high school career,” he said. “In too many cases, our high school students are bored, checked-out, coasting, not even vaguely aware of their post-high school plans, if they have any, and they are just marking time. It’s costing us a lot of money and it’s costing them their future. This is a silent crisis and has the potential to devastate our future prosperity if we don’t fix it.”
The centerpiece of Pawlenty’s proposal for high school transformation is a $75 million proposal to create “3R” high schools (standing for rigor, relevance, and results). In return for increased funding, schools that join the 3R initiative would be required to implement “rigorous and relevant” courses for all students, including high-demand career-and-technology areas. In addition, schools would be required to have every student complete a full year of college while still in high school, provide all students access to college-credit opportunities, and provide work-based learning and internship opportunities.
Governor Pawlenty’s complete speech is available athttp://www.governor.state.mn.us/stellent/groups/public/documents/web_content/prod007925.pdf.
Missouri: Blunt Highlights Economic Need for Improved Skills, Curriculum
Hoping to capitalize on optimism and on a communal spirit stemming from an economic upswing and a balanced budget, Missouri Governor Matt Blunt (R) used his January 24 address to call for expanded and smarter investments in preparing students to compete in the global economy.
“Today, 36 percent of Missouri’s college freshmen require basic remedial courses in college,” he said. “In college, they are being taught skills they should have learned in high school or even junior high. Taxpayers should not have to pay twice for the same classes. Parents have told me that they are concerned about this, and they are worried about the good family-supporting jobs around the country that are being moved overseas.”
In an effort to prepare more of the state’s students for the twenty-first century workforce, Blunt proposed funding for one hundred new “technology classrooms” that would spark achievement and interest in science and math. He also pledged to tighten accountability and standards for public colleges and universities in order to answer concerns from employers who are increasingly concerned about the declining literacy skills of college graduates in the state.
Governor Blunt’s complete speech is available at http://go.missouri.gov/State_of_the_State_2007.htm.
New Mexico: Richardson Seeks Tougher Standards, Stronger Teachers
In his state of the state address on January 16, New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson (D) pledged to work to “expand the bounds of opportunity for every New Mexican.” He added that a key component in that effort was having an education system that provided children with a “world-class education” that prepares them for success in the world of work.
To that end, Richardson proposed a substantial investment in modernizing public schools, including $238 million to “relieve overcrowded schools and catch up on repairs” and $20 million for charter schools. He also aims to increase the amount of time that students spend in their schools by investing in afterschool programs, expanding school days and years, and funding Reading and Math Summer Institutes.
Richardson recognized the role of high schools as a linchpin in the education pipeline. In calling for an increase in the dropout age from seventeen to eighteen years old, he noted that, “You can’t encourage success if you make it easy to drop out of school.” He also called for higher graduation requirements.
The governor pledged to forgive student loans for teachers in low-income schools and to give a tax credit to highly qualified teachers in low-performing schools. He also sought to expand college access and affordability and proposed additional scholarship funds, capping tuition hikes in the next three years, and providing a state tax credit to help pay for tuition and fees.
Governor Richardson’s complete speech is available at http://www.governor.state.nm.us/MEDIA/PDF/StateoftheState2007.pdf.
West Virginia: Manchin Enlists Business Community to Ensure Twenty-First Century Skills
On January 10, West Virginia Governor Joe Manchin (D) used his state of the state address to highlight the critical role of education in attracting jobs and in preparing workers for new challenges.
“I can’t travel anywhere on an economic development trip, whether it’s in West Virginia, across the country or around the world, without hearing from companies about their need to find an educated and dedicated workforce,” Manchin said. “MIT economics professor Frank Levy told our P-20 Jobs Cabinet…that jobs which rely on workers to follow simple instructions are disappearing, replaced by automation and low-cost overseas labor. Workers in today’s economy must have the advanced thinking, language and reasoning skills to solve problems and adapt to changing conditions. So, with a changing world economic climate, we need to look closely at our state’s education and workforce development programs.”
To ensure that students graduate from high school prepared for the global economy, Manchin pledged to continue his work with the state’s Jobs Cabinet, but he also said he would create a Governor’s Workforce Planning Council. The new council will identify current and future workforce needs and work with the state’s two-year colleges to make sure that academic programs are aligned to meet these needs. Manchin also announced a public outreach and “how to” campaign that will emphasize taking a rigorous high school curriculum and receiving individualized preparation for going to college.
Governor Manchin’s complete speech is available at http://www.wvgov.org/sec.aspx?id=100.